hypertension is another name for high blood pressure it can lead to sever complication and increase the risk of heart diseases ,stroke and death.
is the force exerted by the blood against the walls of the blood vessels. the pressure depends on the work being done by the heart and the resistance of the blood vessels.
medical guidelines define hypertension as a blood pressure higher than 130 over 80 mm Hg according to (AHA) in November 2017.
the cause of hypertension is often not known.
according 1 in every 20 cases of hypertension is the affect of an underlying condition or medication.
chronic kidney disease is a common cause of high blood pressure because the kidneys not filter out fluid . this fluid excess lead to hypertension.
1- regular physical exercise:
this include walking, jogging ,cycling ,or swimming on 5-7 days of the week.
avoiding stress , or developing strategies for managing unavoidable stress , can help with blood pressure control.
a range of drug types are available to help lower blood pressure , including:
- diuretics ,including thiazides, chlorthalidone, and indapmide.
- beta blockers and alpha blockers
- calcium channel blockers
- central agonist
- angiotensin receptor blockers
the choice of drug depend on the individual and any other conditions they may have.